Today’s Solutions: May 21, 2024

The Atlantic Forest, which once covered more than a million square kilometers along the eastern coast of Brazil and Argentina, has been steadily sliced and diced by loggers, plantation owners, and economic development. Trees now cover just 7% to 15% of the forest’s former area, mostly in shrinking fragments between expanding cities. But it remains a globally important ecosystem due to its role in carbon sequestration, water management and habitat provision to a wide range of species including capybara, armadillos, toucans, and capuchins.

The wild tapir was once a crucial member of this ecosystem, helping to spread and disperse seeds, but had been eradicated from the Rio de Janeiro state in 2014. But now, just as with wolves in Yellowstone and beavers in the UK,  the tapir is being reintroduced to accelerate restoration of the degraded habitat.

Since 2017, four captive-bred males and three females have been put into the forest. Recently, for the first time in more than a century, a wild tapir was born in the Atlantic Forest. The images of the pig-like calf with a characteristic prehensile snout were captured by a camera trap in the Guapiaçu Ecological Reserve and released in Brazilian media outlets.

Researchers believed the calf was born in January and a second may be on its way because another adult female appears to be pregnant. Maron Galliez, a professor of biology at the Federal Institute of Education, Science, and Technology of Rio de Janeiro, said this was a milestone for the reintroduction project, which has been eight years in planning and implementation. Reintroducing a precious species back to its old habitat to save degraded lands—now that’s a solution we can get behind.

Solutions News Source Print this article
More of Today's Solutions

New evidence connects common sleeping pill to a reduction in build-up of Alzh...

Alzheimer's disease remains a challenging problem for both researchers and patients, but recent studies have thrown light on possible links between sleep patterns and ...

Read More

The surprising physiological benefits of a good cry

Tears, from infancy to adulthood, serve as a universal emotional language. According to licensed marriage and family therapist Naomi Levine, "Crying for babies is both ...

Read More

Researchers identify 5 gut bacteria that counter IBD symptoms

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be a debilitating condition. Symptoms in the condition's different forms can include abdominal pain, fatigue, and weight loss among ...

Read More

Writers start campaign to push publishing towards carbon neutrality

The weighty feel of a book in your hands; a window into the minds and hearts of people. Whether you're taking it to the ...

Read More