Today’s Solutions: January 29, 2022

While artificial intelligence can be used to detect many types of cancer, figuring out when to rely on experts versus the algorithms of AI is still tricky. It’s not simply a matter of who is “better” at making a diagnosis or prediction. Factors like how much time medical professionals have and their level of expertise also come into play.

To address this, researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL) developed a machine learning system that can decide to either make a prediction or defer to an expert. Most importantly, the system can adapt when and how often it defers to a human expert, based on that teammate’s availability, experience, and scope of practice.

For instance, in a busy hospital setting, the system may ask for human assistance only when it’s absolutely necessary. The researchers trained the system on multiple tasks, including looking at chest X-rays to diagnose conditions like a collapsed lung. When asked to diagnose cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), the human-AI hybrid model performed eight percent better than either the AI or medical professionals could on their own.

Next, the researchers will test a system that works with and defer to several experts at once. For instance, the AI might collaborate with different radiologists who are more experienced with different patient populations. 

Solutions News Source Print this article
More of Today's Solutions

Brighton passes buzz-worthy law requiring bee bricks

The city of Brighton and Hove in England have introduced a new planning law worth buzzing about—the law requires new buildings to include special bricks that have little nests for solitary bees. The Brighton & ... Read More

This could be the start of the end for drug-resistant bacteria

The increasing occurrence of drug-resistant bacteria is a huge obstacle humans have to overcome to save lives across the globe. Researchers have done all they can to be prepared against this challenge, such as creating ... Read More

Guaranteed income for poor mothers boosts infant brain activity

A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that uses data from the Baby’s First Years study, put forth results that offer a strong argument for the implementation of basic ... Read More

Start a weekly fitness journal to help you maintain motivation

Now that we are nearing the end of the first month of the year, it may be a good time to assess how our new year's resolutions are going. If your goal for the new ... Read More

Scientists use wood waste and water to create sustainable disinfectant

While the use of disinfectants has already been a regular thing for many people when cleaning their homes, the pandemic has called for unprecedented sanitization of our close surroundings.  While good at their job, some ... Read More

Ease menopause by listening to music

Going through menopause can be an extremely challenging time, where the world you’ve known for most of your life is turned upside down. Not every person's experience of menopause is the same, with symptoms ranging ... Read More