Today’s Solutions: May 19, 2022

Food allergies are quite prevalent – about 32 million Americans suffer from some kind of food allergy. Our current approach at reducing the effects of allergies is through a slow exposure of the allergen in a process called oral immunotherapy. During this procedure, patients are given their allergen in small doses for a period of time until the body adapts and reduces its allergic response. Unfortunately, it takes about a year for a patient to see benefits from this procedure. 

The good news is that scientists have developed a new approach that presents itself as a sort-of shortcut to oral immunotherapy. It consists of a small antibody injection that has been shown to deliver results in a record 14 days. The procedure doesn’t even require the patient to expose himself to the allergen like in oral immunotherapy and has proven to be successful thus far in tests.

This antibody injection treatment interferes with the actions of Interleukin-13, an immune signaling molecule that triggers the body’s response to an allergen. By blocking the Interleukin-13 triggers, the body’s natural allergic response is inhibited. 

A small clinical trial on patients allergic to peanuts shows very promising results for this procedure. After the initial treatment, 73% of the patients were able to consume one nut’s worth of peanut protein without any allergic reaction. After 45 days 50% of the patients were still able to consume the same amount of peanut protein with no adverse reactions.  

The trials were only done with patients with peanut allergy, but doctors are hopeful of achieving the same results with other allergy patients.

Solutions News Source Print this article
More of Today's Solutions

“Blue Corridors”: using science and animal instinct to save fish populations

We’ve all marveled at the intrepid salmon swimming against the current, up waterfalls, and avoiding predators to return to its native spawning grounds, or at least we’ve all seen it on a nature show. This ... Read More

The Local Infrastructure Hub: helping US cities get infrastructure funding

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill was signed into law six months ago and has the potential to transform the United States in essential ways that address climate change and wealth inequality. Before that happens, though, states ... Read More

New desalination system uses Teflon-like membrane to make seawater potable

Clean drinking water is already in short supply in many places around the world, but the situation is only expected to get worse with climate change. Figuring out ways to desalinate brackish water or seawater ... Read More

How scientists are bringing human eye cells back from the dead

Scientists from Switzerland and the US were able to achieve something miraculous—some might even say Biblical: bringing dead human cells back to life! The team published a study that opens by defining death as the ... Read More

Turns out the job market isn’t all doom and gloom after all

Life is a surprising adventure, experiencing ups and downs when we least expect it, so, of course, just as we come out of a global pandemic there looms the possibility of an economic recession. Amid ... Read More

MIT system uses machine-learning to reduce traffic and car emissions

As if idling in a line of cars at a red light forever wasn’t bothersome enough, vehicles emit greenhouse gasses while they’re stopped in traffic. Not only that, exposure to excess vehicle emissions while idling ... Read More